Entre 1975 e 1981, Fernando Collor foi casado com Ceci Elizabeth Júlia Monteiro de Carvalho, conhecida como Lilibeth Monteiro de Carvalho, filha de Joaquim Monteiro de Carvalho do Grupo Monteiro Aranha, com quem teve dois filhos: Arnon Afonso de Mello Neto (1976)e Joaquim Pedro Monteiro de Carvalho Collor de Mello (1978). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). HACKED SEU SITE FOI COLLORIDO We are: V1b3w, Phys1c, xTeSg_. Collor's attorneys argued that with Collor's resignation, the impeachment trial could not proceed and should close without ruling on the merits. Per the Constitution of Brazil, upon receipt of that writ of summons, Collor's presidential powers were suspended for 180 days, and vice president Itamar Franco became acting president. He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. At the time, Brazilian law barred any party from addressing the media on the days prior to election day. "[22], In 2000, Collor joined the Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (PRTB) and ran for mayor of São Paulo. Fernando Collor de Mello Wiki 2020, Height, Age, Net Worth 2020, Family - Find facts and details about Fernando Collor de Mello on wikiFame.org The Senate's formal written sentence on the impeachment trial, containing its conviction of the former president and disqualification from public office for eight years, signed by the president of the Supreme Court and by the Senators on December 30, 1992, was published in the Diário Oficial da União (the Brazilian Federal Government's official journal) on December 31, 1992.[19]. References Fernando Collor de Mello was elected president of Brazil on December 15, 1989, and inaugurated on March 15, 1990. [14] Collor's administration privatized 15 different companies (including Acesita), and began the process of privatizing several others, such as Embraer, Telebrás and Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The site lies at a height of about 2,970 metres (9,744 ft) on a mountain named Coyor, east of Lake San Nicolas . See Pedro Collor de Mello, Passando a Limpo: A Trajet6ria de um Farsante (Rio de Janeiro: Editora Record, 1993), pp. Parts of Collor's free trade and privatization program were followed by his successors:[13] Itamar Franco (Collor's running mate), Fernando Henrique Cardoso (a member of the Franco cabinet) and Lula da Silva. He was convicted and barred from holding public office for a period of eight years. During Collor's administration, Brazil's vaccination program won a United Nations prize, as the best in South America. This was Collor's second electoral loss. 'fõ.sʊ 'kɔ.lɔʁ di 'mɛ.lʊ], (born August 12, 1949) was president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he was impeached. In 1978 he became president of his father’s media enterprises. Born into wealth, Collor de Mello became governor of the small state of Alagoas in 1987. These useful essays take his case to examine the relationship between corruption and political reform in Latin America's ongoing democratization. Collor thus only regained his political rights in 2000, after the expiration of the eight year disqualification imposed by the Brazilian Senate. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Rio de Janeiro, 12 de agosto de 1949) é um político, jornalista, economista e empresário brasileiro, tendo sido prefeito de Maceió de 1979 a 1982, governador de Alagoas de 1987 a 1989, deputado federal de 1982 a 1986, 32º presidente do Brasil, de 1990 a 1992, e senador por Alagoas de 2007 até a atualidade. On July 1, 1992, a Joint Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry, composed of Senators and members of the Chamber of Deputies, formed in Congress to investigate the accusation and review the evidence uncovered by police and federal prosecutors. IPA: [feʁ. The country’s economic decline, fueled by a staggering foreign debt and hyperinflation, failed to improve. [dead link][5] The first President of Brazil elected by popular vote in 29 years, Collor spent the early years of his presidency battling inflation, which at times reached rates of 25% a month. During the course of his government, Collor was accused of condoning an influence peddling scheme. The Chamber of Deputies set up a special committee on September 3, 1992 to study the impeachment petition. During his term as governor, he attracted publicity by allegedly fighting high salaries for public servants, whom he labeled marajás (maharajas)[2] (likening them to the former princes of India who received a stipend from the government as compensation for relinquishing their lands). That day the then-president of the Federal Supreme Court, Justice Sydney Sanches [pt], was notified of the opening of the trial process in the Senate, and began to preside over the process. On September 29, 1992, Collor was impeached by the Chamber of Deputies, with more than two thirds of its members concurring. 37-38. In 1994, the Supreme Court tried the ordinary criminal charges stemming from the Farias corruption affair; the ordinary criminal accusation was presented by the Brazilian federal prosecution service (Ministério Público Federal). Pres. [8] The failure of Zélia and Plano Collor I led to their substitution by Marcílio Marques Moreira and his Plano Collor II. [11] Inflation continued to rise to 2,294 percent in 1994 (two years after he left office). Candidato à Presidência da República pelo PRN, Collor se apresenta como um político inovador, contrário ao desvirtuamento do poder econômico e à corrupção. Sobre o governo de Fernando Collor de Mello, assinale a alternativa correta. presidente constitucional de la República del Brasil entre el 15 de marzo de 1990 y el 29 de diciembre de 1992, el primero después de la restauración de la democracia brasileña, también fue el político más joven en asumir la presidencia en la historia de Brasil. In December 1989, days prior to the second round, businessman Abílio Diniz was the victim of a sensational political kidnapping. Mr. President and Mrs. Collor and distinguished guests, friends of Brazil, it's a distinct privilege for Barbara and me to salute this extraordinary President, Fernando Collor de Mello. Moreira's plan tried to correct some aspects of the first plan, but it was too late. [27], On August 20, 2015, Collor was charged by the Prosecutor General of Brazil with corruption, as a development of Operation Car Wash (Portuguese: Operação Lava Jato). His candidacy was declared invalid by the electoral authorities, as his political rights were still suspended by the filing deadline. The act is recognized as an attempt to sabotage Lula's chances of victory[4] by associating the kidnapping with the left wing. The Senate found that, since the trial had already begun, the defendant could not use his right to resign the presidency as a means to avoid a ruling. He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. Under the Constitution of Brazil, the impeachment process required two thirds of the Chamber of Deputies to vote to allow the charges of impeachment to be escalated to the Senate. Fernando Collor de Mello shaking hands, all smiles, poised by WH portico. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Portugese uitspraak: [feʁˈnɐ̃du aˈfõsu ˈkɔloʁ dʒi ˈmɛlu]; gebore 12 Augustus 1949) is 'n Brasiliaanse politikus wat van 1990 tot 1992 die 32ste president van Brasilië gedien het, toe hy bedank het in 'n mislukte poging om sy vervolging deur die Brasiliaanse senaat te stop. Filiado ao Partido Republicano da Ordem Social (PROS), é senador por Alagoas desde 2007 e foi presidente da Comissão de Relações Exteriores do Senado de 2017 até 2019. Their faces, often painted in a mixture of the colors of the flag and protest-black, lead to them being called "Caras-pintadas" ("Painted Faces").[17]. In 1989 Collor defeated Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in a controversial two-round presidential race with 35 million votes. He also proposed freezes in wages and prices, as well as major cuts in government spending. Lula's party thus had no opportunity to clarify the accusations that the party (PT) was involved in the kidnapping. The Supreme Court had original jurisdiction under the Brazilian Constitution because Collor was one of the defendants and the charges mentioned crimes committed by a President while in office. Collor (possibly from Quechua quyllur, star) is an archaeological site in Peru.It is situated in the Cajamarca Region, Cajamarca Province, Namora District. In 2016 Collor abandoned PTB and joined the Christian Labour Party (PTC), a small Christian democratic party which had no representatives in the Congress at the time. Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello speaks during the Asahi Shimbun interview on June 4, 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Collor was found guilty by the Senate and disqualified from holding elected office for eight years (1992–2000). Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Portuguese pronunciation: [feʁˈnɐ̃du aˈfõsu ˈkɔloʁ dʒi ˈmɛlu]; born August 12, 1949) is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. [12] Senator Amir Lando [pt] was chosen as the rapporteur of the Commission of Inquiry, chaired by Congressman Benito Gama [pt]. Fernando Collor de Mello made history in 1992 by becoming the first popularly elected Latin American president to be impeached for corruption. A key piece of evidence, Paulo César Farias' personal computer, was ruled inadmissible as it had been obtained during an illegal police search conducted without a search warrant. After the vote, the Senate issued a formal written opinion summarizing the conclusions and orders resulting from the judgement, as required by Brazilian law. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Portuguese pronunciation: [feʁˈnɐ̃dw ɐˈfõsu ˈkɔloʁ dʒi ˈmɛlu]; born August 2, 1949) was the 32nd president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his trial of impeachment by the Brazilian Senate.Collor was the first president directly elected by the people after the end of the Brazilian military government. Although other attempts had been made since 1987, it was during Collor's administration that old statist ideas were confronted and combated (...) by a brave agenda of economic reforms geared towards free trade and privatization. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Omissions? Brazilian politician with an advantaged political background and a strong image comparable to President Kennedy, sportive and aggressive. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. [21] Other pieces of evidence that were only gathered because of the information first extracted from files stored in Farias' computer were also voided, as the Collor defense successfully invoked the fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine before the Brazilian Supreme Court. After entering politics, he was successively named mayor of Alagoas' capital Maceió in 1979 (National Renewal Alliance Party), elected a federal deputy (Democratic Social Party) in 1982, and eventually elected governor of the small Northeastern state of Alagoas (Brazilian Democratic Movement Party) in 1986. The Federal Police and the Federal Prosecution Service opened an investigation. Fernando Collor ⏳ Fui o presidente da redemocratização do #Brasil, eleito em 1989 pelo voto do povo, e estou cumprindo o 2º mandato de senador por #Alagoas. Today he is the only politician in Brazil to have an officially clear record validated by an investigation by all interests and sectors of the opposition government. The following year he abandoned PRTB and switched to the Brazilian Labour Party (PTB). Furthermore, President Fernando Collor signed the initial document authorizing the investigation. Hij was in ambt van 15 maart 1990 tot 29 december 1992 en was daarmee niet alleen de eerste president van het land na de terugkeer van de democratie, maar hij is ook de jongste president die het land ooit heeft gehad. A former journalist and media entrepreneur, Collor was the first popularly-elected president of Brazil since 1960, and, at age 40, that republic's youngest chief executive ever. On September 24, 1992, the committee voted (32 votes in favour, one vote against, one abstention) to approve the impeachment petition and recommend that the full Chamber of Deputies accept the charges of impeachment. The formal petition, submitted on September 1, 1992, began impeachment proceedings. The Senate also sent an official communication to the office of the vice-president to formally acquaint him of the suspension of the President, and to give him notice that he was now the acting president. "It was a thirsty and gluttonous way of using power," said Renan Calheiros, a leader of the "bandits," the term he himself coined for the group that robbed the country along with Fer- nando Collor. [23] In 2002, with political rights restored, he ran for Governor of Alagoas, but lost to incumbent Governor Ronaldo Lessa [pt], who was seeking reelection.[24]. Corrections? [citation needed], For several years after his removal from office, Collor maintained a website which has since been taken offline. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello was born on August 12, 1949, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The report concluded that there was proof that Fernando Collor had had personal expenses paid for by money raised by Paulo César Farias through his influence peddling scheme. [9] The Plano Collor I, under Zélia would be renewed with the implementation of the Plano Collor II; the government's loss of prestige would make that follow-up plan short-lived and largely ineffective. Gosto e odor sentidos na água em Canoas não trazem malefícios à saúde, diz Corsan. Fernando Collor de Mello was elected president of Brazil on December 15, 1989, and inaugurated on March 15, 1990. For the archaeological site in the Cajamarca Region, Peru also spelt Collor, see, Collor's official photo as president (circa 1990), Celi Elisabete Júlia Monteiro de Carvalho, Free trade, privatization and state reforms, (President of the Brazilian Association of Press), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Fernando Afonso Collor de Mello - Biografia", "O marketing político e a importância da imagem-marca em campanhas eleitorais majoritárias", "29 de Setembro de 1992: o impeachment do Collor", "Os efeitos da privatização sobre o desempenho econômico e financeiro das empresas privatizadas", "The Hyperinflation in Brazil, 1980–1994", http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+br0009, "Lula segue política econômica de FHC, diz diretor do FMI", A CONTINUIDADE DA POLÍTICA MACROECONÔMICA ENTRE O GOVERNO CARDOSO E O GOVERNO LULA: UMA ABORDAGEM SÓCIO-POLÍTICA, A POLÍTICA ECONÔMICA EXTERNA DO GOVERNO COLLOR: LIBERALIZAÇÃO COMERCIAL E FINANCEIRA, "UNE 70 Anos: "Fora Collor: o grito da juventude cara-pintada, Imprensa Nacional – Visualização dos Jornais Oficiais, "Fernando Collor é eleito senador por Alagoas", Sentença de indeferimento do registro da candidatura de Fernando Collor à Prefeitura de São Paulo, "Após 14 anos de sua renúncia, Collor volta a Brasília como senador", "Fernando Collor confirma pré-candidatura ao governo de Alagoas", "Fernando Collor, PTB, é reeleito senador pelo estado de Alagoas", "Brazil House Leader, Ex-President Hit With Corruption Charges", "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1991", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fernando_Collor_de_Mello&oldid=999668924, Brazilian Democratic Movement politicians, Brazilian Labour Renewal Party politicians, Brazilian Labour Party (current) politicians, Republican Party of the Social Order politicians, Brazilian politicians convicted of corruption, Honorary Recipients of the Order of the Crown of the Realm, Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), BLP articles lacking sources from February 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Vote to suspend Collor from the Presidency, Approved; process resumes, despite of Collor's resign, Convicted; Collor loses political right for 8 years, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 09:44. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, né le 12 août 1949 à Rio de Janeiro, est un homme d'État brésilien. Collor won in the state of São Paulo against many prominent political figures. Collor has served as Senator for Alagoas since February 2007. Although Zélia acknowledged later that the Plano Collor didn't end inflation, she also stated: "It is also possible to see with clarity that, under very difficult conditions, we promoted the balancing of the national debt – and that, together with the commercial opening, it created the basis for the implementation of the Plano Real."[7]. These programs were promoted during Collor's administration. linktr.ee/FernandoCollor Bush & Brazilian Pres. By the end of December, it was obvious that Collor would be convicted and removed from office by the Senate. Farias, Pedro Collor, government officials and others were subpoenaed and gave depositions before it. Collor's resignation letter was read by his attorney in the floor of the Senate, and the impeachment trial was adjourned so that the Congress could meet in joint session, first to take formal notice of the resignation and proclaim the office of president vacant, and then to swear in Franco. Collor also voted to impeach Rousseff as Senator. He was elected a Senator of the republic in the 2006 general elections and began his term in February 2007. After he resigned from the presidency, the impeachment trial on charges of corruption continued. [7], This political crisis had negative consequences on his ability to carry out his policies and reforms. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. All accounts over 50,000 cruzeiros (about US$500 at that time), were frozen for several weeks. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Some weeks later, with the investigation progressing and under fire, Collor asked on national television for the people's support in going out in the street and protesting against "coup" forces. Promising to promote economic growth and combat corruption and inefficiency, Collor de Mello defeated the leftist politician Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 1989 to become Brazil’s first popularly elected president in nearly 30 years. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Fernando-Collor-de-Mello, Archontology.org - Biography of Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, Fernando Collor de Mello - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In the month before Collor took power, hyperinflation was at 90 percent per month and climbing. Promising to promote economic growth and combat corruption and inefficiency, Collor de Mello defeated the leftist He became President of Brazil 3/15/1990 on … It ruled that, although the possible penalty of removal from office had been rendered moot, the determination of the former President's guilt or innocence was still relevant because a conviction on charges of impeachment would carry with it a disqualification from holding public office for eight years. He studied economics at the university level before working as a journalist. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. He first won election in 2006 and was reelected in 2014. 32nd President of Brazil In office March 15, 1990 – December 29, 1992[1] In August 2017, Collor was accused by the Brazil's Supreme Federal Court of receiving around US$9 million in bribes between 2010 and 2014 from Petrobras subsidiary BR Distributor. In discussing the events surrounding the corruption charges, the former website stated: "After two and half years of the most intense investigation in Brazilian history, the Supreme Court of Brazil declared him innocent of all charges. [25] Collor has been, since March 2009, Chairman of the Senate Infrastructure Commission. According to Philippe Faucher, professor of political science at McGill University,[16] the combination of the political crisis and the hyperinflation continued to reduce Collor's credibility and in that political vacuum an impeachment process took place, precipitated by Pedro Collor's (Fernando Collor's brother) accusations and other social and political sectors which thought they would be harmed by his policies.[8]. Evidence that was only obtained because of the illegally obtained information was also struck from the record. 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